Superconductivity, Meissner Effect – ICT

Superconductivity is a phenomenon of exactly zero resistance and expulsion of magnetic flux fields occurring in certain materials, called superconductors when cooled below a characteristic critical temperature (Tc). Resistance is undesirable because it produces losses in the energy flowing through the material. Superconductivity is a quantum mechanical phenomenon In metallic conductors, electrical resistance decreases gradually as the …

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Czochralski Crystal Growth – Cz Growth – ICT

The Czochralski Crystal Growth process, also called as Cz growth is a method of crystal growth used to obtain single-crystal silicon ingots. Crystal Growth is the process where a pre-existing crystal becomes larger as more molecules or ions add in their positions in the crystal lattice. A Cz Growth system consists of four subsystems: Furnace – It contains quartz crucible, graphite susceptor, …

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Erosion and Dilation in Digital Image Processing

Morphological Image Processing: It deals with extracting image components that are useful in representation and description of shape. It includes basic morphological operations like erosion and dilation. The outputs of morphological processing generally are image attributes. Erosion and dilation are fundamental morphological operations. But before understanding these, let us see some basics which are essential …

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